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Dr. Jay Akef periodontist at De Anza Dentistry

What is a Periodontist?

Periodontists are dental specialists who prevent, diagnose and treat all forms of periodontal disease. These dental professionals specialize in the mouth’s soft gingival tissues, bone tissues and jawbone, which work together collectively to support teeth.

In order to become a periodontist, a dentist must graduate from an accredited dental school, as well as undergo three years of periodontal residency training. During the residency training, periodontists-to-be focus on both surgical and non-surgical treatments for gum disease, as well as prosthetic dental implant placement.

What Do Periodontists Treat?

Periodontists focus primarily on preventing, diagnosing and treating periodontal disease – a progressive dental condition that is also the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in developed countries. Periodonists treat all forms of the disease, ranging from its mildest form (gingivitis) to its most advanced stages of periodontiti, bone degradation and tooth loss.

In order to treat periodontal disease, your dentist will first address and treat the bacterial infection that is the source of gingivitis – the first stage of periodontal disease. Another part of the treatment plan includes providing instruction for proper at-home care, good oral hygiene, and ongoing dental maintenance to prevent the recurrence of periodontal disease in the future.

Common periodontal conditions dentists treat include:

  • Gingivitis:

    Gingivitis is a mild, non-destructive form of periodontal disease, which is characterized by mild gum inflammation, which may cause pain and bleeding of the gums.

  • Mild to moderate periodontitis

    : Periodontitis is classified as mild to moderate when the gingival sulcus – or the pockets between the teeth and soft tissues – measures between 4-6 mm in depth.

  • Advanced periodontitis

    : Periodontitis is classified as advanced with the gingival sulcus measures greater than 6 mm in depth. Advanced periodontitis is often characterized by significant bone loss and shifting or missing teeth.

  • Tooth loss

    : In its most advanced stages, periodontitis can result in bone loss and missing teeth. To treat this symptom of periodontitis, dentists will implant customized prosthetic teeth, which help restore appearance and functionality to one’s teeth and mouth.

Treatments for Periodontal Disease

A number of different treatments are available for periodontists to employ in order to stop the progression of gum disease and shifting or missing teeth. Here are a few of the more common treatments for periodontal disease:

  • Dental implants

    : When someone has lost teeth as a result of periodontitis, periodontists can help restore the function and appearance of a person’s natural-looking smile with prosthetic dental implant placement.

  • Osteoplasty

    : Osteoplasty is a hard tissue re-countouring procedure that takes place after periodontitis has been treated. During this procedure, dentists re-countour hard tissue to restore the appearance of one’s teeth and smile.

  • Gingivoplasty

    : Gingivoplasty, or soft tissue re-contouring, restores the appearance of a person’s gums that have receded as a result of perodontitis. Gingivoplasty is the removal or straightening of the soft gum tissues to make teeth appear more even.

  • Bone grafting

    : For individuals who have experienced moderate to severe bone loss, bone grafting can help restore bones in the jaw so dental implants can be properly positioned.

  • Deep pocket cleanings

    : The deeper bacteria and debris are allowed to settle into the pockets between one’s gum line and teeth, the harder they are to remove and clean. Procedures known as scaling and root planing are employed in order to remove the infection-causing bacteria from the sulcus pockets.

  • Crown lengthening

    : In order to give the appearance of more natural-looking teeth, your periodontist may use a crown lengthening procedure to remove some of the surrounding gum tissue.

Dr. Jay Akef : San Diego Periodontist

Periodontists are highly trained and skilled dental experts who work to prevent, diagnose and treat periodontal disease, as well as problems with soft gum and bone tissue in the oral cavity.

Dr. Jay Akef San Diego periodontist at De Anza Dentistry is dedicated to providing you with the utmost in quality dental care with each and every visit. Whether you are in need of a complete periodontal exam and cleaning or a full-mouth restoration and dental implants, we assure you that you are in the hands of the best dental professionals around. We make the restoration of your beautiful smile our top priority. With our comfortable dental environment and top-notch results, we assure you that you will get the high-quality dental care you deserve.

Dr. Jay Akef periodontist at De Anza Dentistry can help!

Contact us at (858) 490-9086 if you have any questions or to schedule your next appointment!