Treatment of Periodontal Disease
Dentists have access to a number of surgical, non-surgical and medical treatment methods that vary depending on the severity of the periodontal disease. Your dentist or dental hygienist will first determine the risk or progression of periodontal disease by conducting a thorough dental examination before recommending the most effective treatment.
If left untreated, periodontal disease can progress, causing deeper and deeper pockets between the teeth and gums, which can fill up with bacterial colonies, plaque and tartar. The presence of these foreign bodies can cause irritation and inflammation to the surrounding gingival tissue and cause damage to supportive gums, ligaments and bone.
In its earliest stages, gingivitis does not cause severe damage and can be cleaned in one or two dental visits. To keep more advanced stages of periodontal disease from progressing, regular dental cleanings and proper at-home dental hygiene routines are crucial.
When periodontal disease is allowed to progress to its more advanced stages, non-surgical dental procedures known as scaling and root planning may be employed. During these procedures, teeth are deep cleaned, removing all tartar, plaque and toxins from above and below the gum line, and rough patches on root surfaces are smoothed out to allow gum tissue to heal and the pocket sizes to downsize. Your dentist may prescribe antibiotics, medicated mouthwashes or an electric toothbrush in order to help control infection and promote proper healing.
If scaling and root planning procedures are not enough, periodontal surgery may be required in order to cleanse and shrink the pockets between the teeth and gums.
For more information about treatment options for periodontal disease, visit us at De Anza Dentistry today!